Fall 2012 Seminars

AAAS 89S REPRESENTING SLAVERY (SS, CCI) This course will examine representations of the Atlantic slave trade within academic scholarship, documentaries, literature and film. Through these various media, we will examine portrayals of Africans, Europeans, and those who were enslaved, as well as the nature of capture, the Middle Passage, and plantation life. We will also explore contemporary commemorations of the slave trade within museums, and the political mobilization of this history within the reparations movement. Through an examination of the construction of history in these sites, we will ask what is at stake when representing slavery.
Instructor: Bayo Holsey Bayo Holsey (Ph.D., Socio-Cultural Anthropology, Columbia University) is an Associate Professor of African and African American Studies and Cultural Anthropology. Her work examines the public history of the trans-Atlantic slave trade in West Africa and the African diaspora. She is the author of Routes of Remembrance: Refashioning the Slave Trade in Ghana, which won the Royal Anthropological Institute’s Amaury Talbot Prize for African Anthropology and the Association for Third World Studies’ Toyin Falola Africa Book Award. Currently, she is completing a second book entitled Afterlives of Atlantic Slavery: History, Ethics, and Racial Politics in the New Millennium.

AMES 89S INTERETHNIC INTIMACIES: REPRESENTATIONS IN ASIAN LITERATURE AND VISUAL CULTURE (ALP, CZ, CCI) This course examines the cultural politics of “interethnic intimacy” or “intercourse,” broadly defined, as represented in literature and visual culture from and about Asia. From missionaries and picture brides to movements of transnational capital and labor, from techno-Orientalism and “Asian exotica” to international adoptions, from virtual realties to military prostitution to interracial romance, the encounters of different racial or ethnic identities trigger deep anxieties and pornographic fascination from the past to the present, in differing configurations. The course examines such shifts within and beyond “Asia,” and asks why cultural representations matter in the ways societies construct, produce, and consume objects of desire and repulsion. Texts from literature and visual culture will be read along with theories of critical race studies, gender and sexuality, postcolonialism, globalization, visual culture, and other representative technologies of the self/other.
Instructor: Nayoung Aimee Kwon Nayoung Kwon (Ph.D., UCLA) is an Assistant Professor of Korean and Japanese Literatures and Cultural Studies in the Department of Asian & Middle Eastern Studies with affiliations in Women's Studies and the Program in the Art of the Moving Image. She is currently working on a book, Translated Encounters and Empire: the Conundrum of Representing the Colonized which examines the legacies of bilingual writers and translators in the Japanese empire and its aftermath. Her research and teaching interests include cultural co-productions between Korea and Japan; Korean and Japanese literature and film; theories of empire, translation, and postcoloniality; globalization and Asia-Pacific migrations and cultural flows.

AMI 89S OPPOSITIONAL CINEMAS (ALP) What is oppositional cinema? What has been its historical and political role outside of the norm of Hollywood cinema? What is the power of cinema to stand in opposition to anything—be it political, aesthetic, or otherwise? The legacy of historical oppositional cinematic practices in our present moment, the impact that transformations in both the production and distribution of moving images (television, the digital age, YouTube, etc.) have had. Examination of a key set of case studies from avant-garde and documentary cinematic traditions. Students will have an opportunity to produce a short film as a way of exploring the problem of oppositional cinema.
Instructor: Morgan Adamson Morgan Adamson (Ph.D., University of Minnesota) is an ACLS New Faculty Fellow and Visiting Professor of the Arts of the Moving Image. His fields of teaching and research interest are avant-garde and documentary film, new media, critical theory and the history of cinema.

ARTSVIS 89S MULTIMEDIA DOCUMENTARY: EDITING, PRODUCTION AND PUBLICATION (ALP)
Cross-listed – See course description under DOCST 89S
Instructor: Christopher Sims

ARTSVIS 89S THE PHOTOGRAPHIC ESSAY: NARRATIVES THROUGH PICTURES (ALP)
Cross-listed – See course description under DOCST 89S
Instructor: Bill Bamberger

BIOLOGY 89S DARWIN’S FINCHES: A CASE STUDY IN EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY (NS) This Freshman seminar is an introduction to the study of evolution by focusing on one of the most important and charismatic research systems developed in the field of evolutionary biology: Darwin’s Finches. The diversification of these finches on the Galapagos Islands became one of Darwin’s most convincing examples of evolution in progress. We will study why the finches were so important to the development of evolutionary theory and how they are still being used to test fundamental hypotheses of evolutionary biology today. Readings will include historical and contemporary material. No prerequisites. The course offers a head start on some material covered in Bio 202L.
Instructor: Kathleen Donohue Kathleen Donohue (Ph.D., University of Chicago) is an Associate Professor of Biology. Her research interests include evolutionary ecology and ecological genetics.

BIOLOGY 89S HUMAN REPRODUCTION: BIOLOGY, POLICY AND ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS (NS, EI, STS) The biology of human reproduction along with the myriad of related ethical, legal, social and political issues will be explored. Major topics will include an overview of the biology of human reproduction, bioethical, policy and legal issues surrounding topics such as when human life begins, the regulation of assisted reproduction, cloning, stem cells and embryo selection, reproductive issues in art and literature and the evolution and ecology of human reproduction. Requirements include reading of primary and secondary literature, class participation and presentations, and numerous short writing assignments.
Instructor: Kathleen Smith Kathleen Smith (Ph.D., Harvard University) is a Professor of Biology. Her interests center on evolutionary biology, in particular comparative anatomy, physiology and development/embryology.

BIOLOGY 89S WELCOME TO THE ANTHROPOCENE – HUMAN DOMINATION OF THE EARTH (NS, STS) The Earth system is currently operating well outside its average state of the past 500,000 years. Why? Because the effects of human activities are massive. Consequently, the Earth has now entered the Anthropocene, which is a new name for a new geologic epoch—one defined by the overwhelming impact of humans on the planet. We are building megacities (vast collections of man-made materials, e.g., steel, glass, concrete); we have converted 40% percent of the planet's ice-free land to agriculture; we are burning billions of tons of coal and oil, which has changed the composition of the atmosphere leading to global warming, rising sea levels, and acidification of the oceans; tropical rainforests are being eliminated from the face of the Earth, which will exacerbate climate warming and further contribute to the current global species extinction rate that is already 1,000 to 10,000 times higher than before the Anthropocene; and the global population continues to soar, unchecked (it is projected to reach 9 billion people by 2050). Undoubtedly, you are aware of these (and other) gloom-and-doom topics but have you stopped to think that it’s your generation and your children who will have to cope with this mess? Are you inheriting a planet in peril? In this course, we identify key global change topics and explore their environmental, social, economic and political implications. Can geo-engineering avert catastrophic climate change? Is global warming reversible? Why do some people claim global warming is a hoax in spite of overwhelming factual data to the contrary? While you may not always have specific answers to all of these questions, after taking this class you will have acquired useful knowledge based on FACTS and will be well-prepared to contribute to the debate on the greatest challenge facing human society: global environmental change. Welcome (for better or worse) to the Anthropocene!
Instructor: James Reynolds James F. Reynolds (Ph.D., New Mexico State University) is a Professor of Environmental Science and Biology. His interests center on the response of plants and ecosystems to disturbance, e.g., climate change and human land use.

CANADIAN 89S FRENCH PRESENCE IN NORTH AMERICA (CZ, SS, CCI, EI, W) This course will explore the French Presence in North America with emphasis on history, geography, literature, language, and culture. At its height, the North American French Empire included Canada, the Louisiana Territory, Haiti and other Caribbean islands, but most of the holdings were lost through wars, treaties, slave rebellions, and land sales. In examining the French colonial past, we will concentrate on the issues of encounters with Indigenous Peoples, the role of the Catholic Church, slavery, wars, and nationalisms. After studying how the French Empire was built and lost, we'll focus on its postcolonial legacy. What remains of the French language, culture, and heritage? How have minority French-speaking communities survived and developed? What is distinctive about North American French-speaking communities and cultures? What choices have Quebec nationalists made in order to preserve their distinctive Francophone culture? What is the legacy of slavery in the former French colonies? The course will take an interdisciplinary approach using historical documents, literary texts, and films to study Québec, Acadie, Louisiana, Haiti, and other francophone communities.
Instructor: Jane M. Moss Jane Moss (Ph.D., Yale University) is a Visiting Professor of History and Canadian Studies. Her fields of teaching and research interest are in Francophone North America, Women’s Studies, and Theater.

CCS 89S YOUTH, CRIME AND PUBLIC POLICY (SS, CCI, R) The topic of crime introduces students to the variety of issues involved in child and family policy, how public policy is developed and then implemented to deal with crimes committed by young people. Students learn about juvenile crime, the criminal justice system, how public policy is made, what different kinds of research tell us about juvenile crime, and the role of research in the policy making process. Students learn about how juvenile crime policy is impacted by different kinds of societal values, how the nature and "causes" of criminal behaviors are understood, and the kinds of resources and technologies different societies have at their disposal. Readings include selections from crime policy and child research literature, media sources, and government documents. Examples are drawn from different American states, other countries, and different historical eras. Special attention is given to research being done at Duke and students have the opportunity to learn about on-going projects being done at Duke. With guidance from the instructor, students learn how to develop independent research.
Instructor: Joel Rosch Joel Rosch (Ph.D., University of Washington) is a Senior Research Scholar, Policy Liaison and Adjunct Professor in the Master of International Development Policy. His field of teaching and research interests focus on the structure of service delivery systems and the framing of public dialogue about the effectiveness of public programs.
Instructor: Anne-Marie Iselin Anne-Marie Iselin (Ph.D., University of Alabama at Tuscaloosa) is a Research Scientist at the Center for Child and Family Policy. The overarching goal of her research and clinical work is to improve understanding of the development of anti-social behaviors and develop new treatment methods to improve the life-chances of youth who are in trouble with the law.

CULANTH 89S CULTURE, SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY (SS, STS, R, W) In this course we will examine the intersection of culture, society, science and technology. This course is designed to challenge assumptions concerning the insulated, value-free nature of scientific practice from the cultural and social world in which it operates. We do this by examining both broadly conceptual considerations of the nature of scientific thought and practice as well as historically and ethnographically particular examples of the “situatedness” of science in daily life. In addition, we will examine the impact of technology and its products (particularly global, mobile communications and information services) on daily life and interpersonal relations.
Instructor: Richard Collier Richard Collier (Ph. D., Duke University) is an Instructor in the Department of Cultural Anthropology. His teaching and research interests include science and technology, medical practices, religious movements and ethics.

CULANTH 89S HUMAN RIGHTS: LAW AND GLOBALIZATION (SS, CCI, EI) This seminar discussion course explores the issue of human rights through the dynamic lenses of culture, globalization, and law. We begin by looking at cultural differences and the relationship between cultural conflict and ideas of “universal” human rights. Next, we will examine globalization, including what it is, how it developed, and why human rights and globalization are inextricably intertwined. Lastly, we will study what law is, how it functions, and why local and international laws sometimes work with each other and sometimes work against each other in regard to human rights. Some of the many questions that we will explore during the course are: What are human rights to begin with and what are they based on? Who gets to decide what counts as a human right and what happens when groups disagree? Under what circumstances should one group get to, or even be required to, protect the rights of another group? To answer these questions, we will develop frameworks for thinking about diverse yet related issues of rights, power, culture, economics, globalization, and law.
Instructor: Kevin Sobel-Read Kevin Sobel-Read (J.D., NYU School of Law, Ph.D., Duke University) is a Visiting Assistant Professor in the Cultural Anthropology Department. His teaching and research interests include anthropology and law, in particular issues relating to sovereignty, nationalism and globalization, including cultural agency and resistance. His research background is in the South Pacific region, Native North America and Europe.

Cross-listed – See course description under AMES 89S
Instructor: Nayoung Aimee Kwon

CULANTH 89S MUSIC AS MIRROR, MEDIATOR AND PROPHET (CZ, SS, CCI, R) This course investigates the ways in which music serves as a mirror, a mediator and a prophet in societies undergoing political and social transitions. It explores how history is reflected, the present is expressed and the future is envisioned through music.
Instructor: Ingrid Byerly Ingrid Byerly (Ph.D, Duke University) is a Senior Lecturing Fellow of Cultural Anthropology. Her fields of teaching and research interest are in cross-cultural communication, video production, cultural anthropology, education and ethnomusicology.

DOCST 89S MULTIMEDIA DOCUMENTARY: EDITING, PRODUCTION AND PUBLICATION (ALP) A fieldwork and production course focused on the publication of interactive web-based multimedia presentations, as pioneered by washingtonpost.com, nytimes.com, Magnum in Motion, and independent producers. Utilizes digital audio and photography to work as a team to create a series of narrated slide shows around a common theme in a documentary style. Learn current technologies and techniques for multimedia publications; basic field recording and digital audio editing techniques; digital photography and editing in Adobe Photoshop; and graphic design principles. Investigate and understand fieldwork and productions ethics. No prior experience with computer or web programming required.
Instructor: Christopher Sims Christopher Sims (M.A., UNC – Chapel Hill; M.F.A., Maryland Institute College of Art) is an Instructor in the Center for Documentary Studies. He has worked as a photo archivist at the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C. He currently designs and manages websites for CDS and its projects. His most recent exhibitions include shows at SF Camerawork, the Griffin Museum of Photography, the Houston Center for Photography, the Light Factory, the Southeastern Center for Contemporary Art, and the Halsey Institute of Contemporary Art. His recent project on Guantanamo Bay was featured in The Washington Post, the BBC World Service, Roll Call, and Flavorwire. He is represented by Ann Stewart Fine Art in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, Civilian Art Projects in Washington, D.C., and Clark Gallery in Boston, Massachusetts. In 2010, he was selected as the recipient of the Baum Award for Emerging American Photographers. His work on the Web can be seen at http://www.chrissimsprojects.com.

DOCST 89S THE PHOTOGRAPHIC ESSAY: NARRATIVES THROUGH PICTURES (ALP) Teaches the language of photography through the study of classic and contemporary photographic essays and through the completion of assigned photographic essays by the students themselves. Learn to make, choose, sequence, and pace their own images for class discussion and for digital projection. Complete three assigned photographic essays of at least ten images each, focusing on a particular theme or subject to be announced. Final project consisting of a compilation photographic essay of at least twenty images combining work from all three assignments.
Instructor: Bill Bamberger William Bamberger (B.A., UNC-Chapel Hill), Visiting Lecturer in the Center for Documentary Studies, is known for the innovative ways he has engaged whole communities in the production of his work. His projects explore large social issues of our time by looking at how they are manifest in our families and communities. Closing: The Life and Death of an American Factory with Cathy N. Davidson won the Mayflower Prize in Non-Fiction and was a semifinalist for the Robert F. Kennedy Book Award. His photographs have appeared in Aperture, Doubletake, The Washington Post Magazine, Harper’s and the New York Times Magazine. He is currently working on BALL, a grassroots project that explores the democratization of basketball and the intersection of sports and culture in American life.

ENGLISH 89S JEWISH-AMERICAN LITERATURE: OLD WORLDS AND NEW (ALP, R) It has been said that the hyphen in "Jewish-American" is "the cutting edge of a sharp sensibility." In this seminar, through the lenses of fiction and film, we will trace the realities and challenges of being Jewish in this country from the late 1880s to the present. We will explore such topics as the immigrant experience, assimilation and acculturation, anti-Semitism, politics and economics, the influence of Yiddish on American life and art, the evolution of the "Jewish mother" stereotype, various modes of practicing Judaism, relationships between Jews and other minority groups, the role of Israel in American-Jewish identity, and more. We will examine the continuities and differences between the first generation of Jewish-American fiction writers and succeeding generations, in terms of themes and techniques. Above all, we will read and discuss some very good literature. Authors to be studied include, but are not limited to, the household names of Philip Roth, Bernard Malamud, Saul Bellow, and Joseph Heller, along with such less well-known writers of the past as Henry Roth, Abraham Cahan, Michael Gold, and Anzia Yezierska, and finally some representatives of the "new breed" of Jewish-American authors, like Jonathan Safran Foer, Dara Horn, and Nathan Englander. You don't have to be Jewish to take this course!
Instructor: Judith Ruderman Judith Ruderman (Ph.D., Duke University) is Visiting Professor of English. Her teaching and research interests include D. H. Lawrence and modern and contemporary English and Jewish literature.

ENVIRON 89S WHAT ON EARTH? AN INVESTIGATION OF CONTEMPORARY ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES (SS, NS, STS) This first-year seminar will delve into the scientific and public policy perspectives on contemporary environmental issues. In recent decades, there has been increasing awareness of the need to understand and manage diverse environmental challenges, such as global climate change, regional air pollution, water scarcity, loss of biodiversity, and beach erosion. This course will examine topics such as these, exploring both the scientific study of and societal response to these issues, with a specific focus on developing an integrated way of thinking about contemporary environmental issues.
Instructor: Prasad S. Kasibhatla Prasad Kasibhatla (Ph. D., University of Kentucky) is an Associate Research Professor in the Nicholas School of the Environment & Earth Sciences. He has taught courses in atmospheric chemistry, biogeochemical cycle modeling, environmental sciences & policy, and environmental chemistry & toxicology. His research interests include tropospheric chemistry, regional and global modeling and atmospheric chemical data analysis.

FRENCH 89S FRENCH PRESENCE IN NORTH AMERICA (CZ, SS, CCI, EI, W)
Cross-listed - See course description under CANADIAN 89S
Instructor: Jane M. Moss

FRENCH 89S-1 THE FRENCH DIFFERENCE (ALP, CZ, CCI, FL) What explains the cachet of French culture and thought? This seminar will investigate 3 key models that distinguish the arts de vivre across the French-speaking world. Lingua Franca: Why create a myth of a universal language? We’ll explore the dream to unite people through language, the conflicts and illusions it spawned, and this through the creative writing it generated world-wide: Dai Sijie, Balzac et la Petite tailleuse chinoise , Mlle de Graffigny, Lettres d’une péruvienne, Leïla Sebbar and Nancy Huston, Lettres parisiennes. Courtoisie, Libertinage: What defines the various codes of love: those that made it romantic and courtly, an artful form of social order, a declaration of free desire? We’ll study the legacies of these codes through the Tristan romance, the scandalous Liaisons Dangereuses of Choderlos de Laclos (extracts of letter-novel and film), and Duras’s novel of illicit cross-cultural passion, L’Amant. Combat: Occupy, strike, demonstrate: how does such public action express equality powerfully in real and symbolic terms? We’ll inquire into the history of protest by studying Zola’s Germinal [extracts of novel], Sembène’s Le Docker noir [film], as well as songs and poetry from the long tradition of student movements [2009, 1968, the Commune]. This seminar will initiate students into thinking critically in French, and help to strengthen both written and spoken expression. Equivalent in all respects to a 300-level course in French. Completely satisfies the foreign language requirement and counts toward a major or minor in French. Native speakers or students who did high school work in French encouraged to enroll. Pre-requisite: SAT II score of 640 or above, AP Language score of 5.
Instructor: Helen Solterer Helen Solterer (Ph.D., University of Toronto) is a Professor of French Studies. Her research and teaching focus on pre-modern vernacular literature and culture, and its interplay with twentieth-century and contemporary thought. Her last book, Medieval Roles for Modern Times: Theater and the Battle for the French Republic [Penn State Press 2010] offers an experimental model in such *histoire croisée,* in the form of a pictorial essay exploring the politics and aesthetics of reviving the earliest theater for the generations of two World Wars. A French adaptation, “Un Moyen Âge républicain” is forthcoming. Currently she is at work on two book projects: the first on the afterlives of pre-modern fiction; the second inquiring into the legacy of hate speech – blasphemy and sedition. Her first book which explored the question of defamation, The Master and Minerva: Disputing Women in French Medieval Culture (California, 1995), won the MLA Scaglione Prize. A third area of her work involves performance – history and practice. It led to her co-organizing a workshop at the Théâtre Ouvert, Paris, “Théâtre et Résistance -- Dépersonnalisation et Identité: Odette Rosenstock & Moussa Abadi,” in June 2009.

HISTORY 89S ART OF RENAISSANCE POLITICS (ALP, CZ, CCI, EI, W) This seminar explores the crisis in Renaissance Italy that sparked some of the most original and provocative new political thinking of modern Europe. The seminar explores the political realism developed in the works of two key Florentine thinkers, Niccolo Machiavelli and Francesco Guicciardini; the political crisis of the Florentine Republic and the Italian Wars; the emergence of the Medici as princes; and selected works of art from such artists as Donatello, Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Benvenuto Cellini, Giorgio Vasari, and Giambologna who created new expressions of power in Florentine art, sculpture and architecture.
Instructor: Thomas Robisheaux Thomas Robisheaux (Ph.D., University of Virginia) is a Professor and Fred W. Schaffer Professor of History. His fields of interest are in social and cultural history, German-speaking Central Europe, Renaissance culture, religious reform, popular religion and culture and microhistory. He teaches courses on European history; Reformation Europe; Magic, Religion and Science; social and economic history; and religion and society in early modern Europe.

HISTORY 89S FRENCH PRESENCE IN NORTH AMERICA (CZ, SS, CCI, EI, W)
Cross-listed - See course description under CANADIAN 89S Instructor: Jane M. Moss

HISTORY 89S GANDHI, KING, MANDELA: A GLOBAL HISTORY (ALP, CZ, CCI, EI) Through the lens of three of the 20th century’s most important political figures—Mohandas Gandhi of India, Martin Luther King, Jr. of the United States, and Nelson Mandela of South Africa—this seminar will examine the promise and perils of non-violent resistance and civil disobedience as pragmatic and ethical strategies of change for our times. Through close readings of the memoirs and other writings of these three men, one important goal of the course is to encourage first-year students to think of these figures not as “Indian,” “American,” or “South African” per se, but as “global” thinkers whose ideas were fertilized by a wide variety of influences that were trans-national and trans-historical. Methodologically and conceptually, the critical aim of the course is to enable first-year students to think comparatively, trans-nationally, and globally about these men, and about the movements that they spearheaded as well attempted to fashion in their image. The readings for the course, as well as the themes that we will focus upon, have been chosen to facilitate this exercise in global history.
Instructor: Sumathi Ramaswamy Sumathi Ramaswamy (Ph.D., UC-Berkeley) is a Professor of History. Her fields of teaching and research interests include South Asian history; the British Empire; visual culture; and the history of cartography.

HISTORY 89S MIDDLE PASSAGES (CZ, SS, EI, R, W) “Middle Passages” offers to first-year students the opportunity to conduct original research about the greatest pre-1870 human migration in history: the forced migration of African captives across the Atlantic to the Americas. The instructor will guide students to ask their own questions about the Middle Passage, then to use primary sources to explore and (when possible) answer those questions. Instructor and students will avail themselves of the wealth of newly accessible on-line primary sources, as well as published sources. Although the seminar stresses primary sources, it will also acquaint students with a range of published scholarship about the Middle Passage. Instructor: Janet Ewald Janet Ewald (Ph.D., University of Wisconsin, Madison) is an Associate Professor of History. Her teaching and research interest is in African History.

HISTORY 89S ORIGINS OF THE AMERICAN CONSTITUTION (CZ, EI)
Between 1776 and 1791 Americans created and then replaced fundamental institutions of state and national government, amid war, economic dislocation and the fears of social disorder. We will use texts from the period to explore how participants in these events were influenced in their actions by political ideals, policy, material advantage and other considerations, given their understanding of human nature and history, and in the light of their own accumulating experiences. The central focus of the course will be the federal Constitution: how the framers debated and formulated its provisions, how advocates argued for or against ratifying the proposed Constitution, and why the framers clashed in amending and implementing its provisions.
Instructor: John Hart John F. Hart (J.D., Yale University) is a Visiting Associate Professor of History and Law. His research has centered on the regulation of private property by American legislatures in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, and on the courts’ development of new constitutional doctrines to invalidate such regulation in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries

JEWISHST 89S FEASTING AND FASTING: FOOD IN JUDAISM (ALP, CZ, CCI, EI, W)
Cross-listed - See course description under RELIGION 89S
Instructor: Laura Lieber

JEWISHST 89S JEWISH-AMERICAN LITERATURE: OLD WORLDS AND NEW (ALP, R)
Cross-listed – See course description under ENGLISH 89S
Instructor: Judith Ruderman

LIT 89S OPPOSITIONAL CINEMAS (ALP)
Cross-listed – See course description under AMI 89S
Instructor: Morgan Adamson

MATH 89S GAME THEORY AND DEMOCRACY (SS, QS, STS, R) As the trend towards democracy continues, the question of determining what democracy actually means becomes increasingly important. For example, given a finite number of choices, how does a group of equals choose the option which "best" reflects the will of the group? With two choices, the accepted answer is "majority rule." However, in the case of decisions with more than two options, this is an open question in the sense that philosophical notions of "best" are not universally agreed upon. In this seminar, we will use mathematics to aid us in our discussion on the meaning of democracy and to examine the pros and cons of different approaches to this question. We will discuss preferential ballot elections (where each voter ranks all of the choices) and cover some of the most common vote counting methods used to determine a winner in a preferential ballot election. We will see how some of the most "obvious" vote counting methods, such as Instant Runoff Voting (used on many college campuses), have some significant theoretical defects. Finally, the seminar will include an introduction to game theory which is an essential tool for predicting how intelligent people with agendas behave given carefully defined rules.
Instructor: Hubert Bray Hubert Bray (Ph.D., Stanford University) is a Professor of Mathematics and Physics. His fields of teaching and research interest are differential geometry, general relativity, and astrophysics.

MEDREN 89S ART OF RENAISSANCE POLITICS (ALP, CZ, CCI, EI, W)
Cross-listed - See course description under HISTORY 89S
Instructor: Thomas Robisheaux

MUSIC 89S COMPOSERS OF INFLUENCE (ALP) Throughout the history of the arts in Western civilization, certain individuals stand out whose achievements seem to propel the very nature of their respective art forward. They are said to stretch its boundaries by manipulating its raw materials in ways not conceived of prior to their time. These artists end up exerting enormous influence on others - those working in the same field and the culture in general. This course examines the lives and works of specific composers who have had an unusually powerful influence in the process, informing us a great deal about music's path through the ages. It may also yield insights into the nature of influence and progress themselves. Composers to be studied are J.S. Bach, Beethoven, Wagner, and Stravinsky.
Instructor: Harry Davidson Harry Davidson (M.M., Pacific Lutheran University) is a Professor of the Practice of Music and Director of the Duke Symphony Orchestra. He made his major orchestra debut conducting the National Symphony Orchestra at the Kennedy Center in Washington, D.C. He has guest conducted numerous professional and conservatory ensembles, including the Charlotte Symphony, the Akron Symphony, and the Cleveland Institute of Music and Oberlin College Conservatory orchestras. His teaching and research interests include orchestral conducting; opera conducting; and music history.

MUSIC 89S THE BEATLES, ELLINGTON AND THE MAGIC OF COLLABORATION (ALP) This course will explore two of the greatest musical collaborations in music history: The Beatles and the Duke Ellington Orchestra. We will pay close attention to the nature of the collaboration, which was unique in each case. In doing so we will gain familiarity with two great periods in the history of popular music: first Big Band Jazz from the 1920s through the 1960s, second Rock and Roll in the 1950s through Rock in the 1960s. Ellington worked with his soloists and later with Billy Strayhorn to produce extraordinary music. He was recognized as a leader in developing dance band music into something much more and artistic music that could articulate a modern identity for African Americans in powerful ways. The Beatles are commonly said to have turned rock into art. Both Ellington and the Beatles were intimately familiar with African-American dance music and that was one basis for their collaborative successes. Without their particular working methods, these musicians would have been good; with them they made claims to the status of genius. For a term paper, each student will select another area of creative collaboration for study. How do the collaborative methods in your era compare with those of Ellington and the Beatles? How are collaborations different in different arts? A range of art forms is encouraged. Readings: Lush Life: A Biography of Billy Strayhorn by David Hajdu, Beyond Category: The Musical Genius of Duke Ellington by John Hasse, Summer of Love: The Making of Sgt. Pepper by George Martin, Revolution in the Head: The Beatles’ Records and the Sixties by Ian MacDonald.
Instructor: Tom Brothers Tom Brothers (Ph.D., UC-Berkeley) is a Professor of Music. His teaching and research interests include Renaissance; Medieval; African-American; jazz; and rock forms of music.

MUSIC 89S GREAT COMPOSERS AT THE MOVIES (ALP) This course will explore the strange and wonderful world of composer biopics: films about the great classical composers, their lives, works, dreams, and love affairs. Some of these movies are largely true to life, while others are outrageously fictional, but each one gives us a unique perspective on classical music and how it has been reimagined in modern times. Subjects will include familiar composers (Beethoven, Mozart, Bach) and less familiar ones. No previous musical experience is required.
Instructor: Kerry McCarthy Kerry McCarthy (Ph.D., Stanford University) is an Associate Professor of Music. Her areas of teaching and research interest focus on Musicology; Music of early modern England (with special focus on the works of William Byrd); Renaissance contrafacture and other scribal misbehavior; liturgical reform and counter-reform; and German Baroque sacred music.

PHYSEDU 89S HOT TOPICS IN HEALTH This course will provide an overview of several health areas (e.g., nutrition, physical activity, sexual health, substance use, etc.) and then for each area we will focus more specifically on a few current trends or issues. A practical, hands on approach will emphasize information, resources, and skills to help students achieve and maintain a healthy lifestyle, as well as an understanding of the broader health issues facing our current society.
Instructor: Janis Hampton Janis Hampton (M.S., UNC-Greensboro) is Assistant Professor in the Department of Health, Wellness and Physical Education. Her fields of teaching and research interest center on developing awareness of health and fitness issues for the general population as well as young adults.

POLSCI 89S ART OF RENAISSANCE POLITICS (ALP, CZ, CCI, EI, W)
Cross-listed - See course description under HISTORY 89S
Instructor: Thomas Robisheaux

PSY 89S BEYOND REASON: EMPATHY AND IDENTITY (SS, NS, R, W)
Developmental science approach to integrating knowledge across the biological and social sciences and humanities about engaging difference and the nature, development, and enhancement of personal epistemology, empathy, and identity. Videotaped clinical cases and documentary films are used to stimulate reflection and discussion.
Instructor: Robert Thompson, Jr. Robert J. Thompson, Jr (Ph.D., University of North Dakota) is Professor of Psychology. His research interests include how biological and psychosocial processes act together in human development; the adaptation of children and their families to developmental problems and chronic illnesses, including sickle cell disease and cystic fibrosis; and the assessment of teaching and learning in higher education.

PUBPOL 89S YOUTH, CRIME AND PUBLIC POLICY (SS, CCI, R)
Cross-listed – See course description under CCS 89S
Instructors: Joel Rosch, Anne-Marie Iselin

RELIGION 89S AMERICA’S GODS (CZ, CCI, EI) How media and public frame religions in America; role and manifestation of religions in public life; student engagement with prominent invited guests; special attention to controversies; topics include private and public domains of religion, media representation different faiths, and religious diversity.
Instructor: Ebrahim Moosa Ebrahim Moosa (Ph.D., University of Cape Town) is a Professor of Religion and Islamic Studies in the Department of Religion. His interests span both classical and modern Islamic thought with a special focus on Islamic law, history, ethics and theology. Dr. Moosa is the author of Ghazali and the Poetics of Imagination, winner of the American Academy of Religion’s Best First Book in the History of Religions (2006) and editor of the last manuscript of the late Professor Fazlur Rahman, Revival and Reform in Islam: A Study of Islamic Fundamentalism. He was named Carnegie Scholar in 2005 to pursue research on the madrasas, Islamic seminaries of South Asia. He contributes regularly to the op-ed pages of the New York Times, Atlanta-Journal Constitution, The Boston Review and several international publications and is frequently invited to comment on global Islamic affairs. Currently he is completing a book titled What is a Madrasa? In his current writings Moosa explores some of the major challenges that confront a tradition-in-the making like Islam , in a rapidly changing world. Moosa examines the way religious traditions encounter modernity and in the process generating new conceptions of history, culture and ethics.

RELIGION 89S FEASTING AND FASTING: FOOD IN JUDAISM (ALP, CZ, CCI, EI, W) An examination of the role and significance of food in Jewish custom, ritual, and cultures from ancient times until the present.
Instructor: Laura Lieber Laura Lieber (Ph.D., University of Chicago) is an Associate Professor in the Department of Religion. Her areas of teaching and research interest focus on Jewish literature, culture and religious practice, folklore studies, the history and theory of Religion and the Hebrew Bible and its interpretation.

RUSSIAN 89S TOLSTOY AND DOSTOEVSKY (ALP, CCI) Students will read War and Peace, The Brothers Karamazov, and selected representative short works considering the great issues and their vivid dramatization in the light of the author's irreconcilible approaches to the human condition, culture, artistic goals and narrative technique.
Instructor: Denis Mickiewicz Denis Mickiewicz (Ph.D., Yale University) is a Research Scholar in the Department of Slavic and Eurasian Studies. His research interests focus on various aspects of signification in modern Russian poetry, Russian vocal music and the interaction between language and music, and in the philosophy of major Russian writers.

SXL 89S INTERETHNIC INTIMACIES: REPRESENTATIONS IN ASIAN LITERATURE AND VISUAL CULTURE (ALP, CZ, CCI)
Cross-listed – See course description under AMES 89S
Instructor: Nayoung Aimee Kwon

THEATRST 89S VIDEO DESIGN FOR THEATER (ALP) This course will explore technical and theoretical considerations for incorporating video elements into live theater. Readings and screenings will establish a theoretical framework for considering how each medium conveys information, and how their intersection can blur divisions and create hybrid forms. Guest artists will present case studies and examples of how they have approached the unique challenges of bringing filmed material into their productions. The class will also participate in designing video elements for a local and/or Duke student production.
Instructor: Jim Haverkamp Jim Haverkamp (B.A., University of Iowa) is a filmmaker and Instructor in the Program in the Arts of the Moving Image. His award winning films have been shown in festivals and galleries around the world, including the Ann Arbor Film Festival, Chicago Underground, and File Documenta. He is the recipient of a Filmmaking Fellowship from the North Carolina Arts Council and has toured on the Southern Circuit of Independent Film. His video designs for theater include productions for Archipelago Theatre, Little Green Pig, and Duke Theater Studies.

WOMENST 89S GENDER AND SPORTS (SS, CCI, EI) This course examines two major facets of gender and sports in contemporary America: the actual and representational. In the first facet we’ll look at the literal participation of men and women in athletics. Do men and women (boys and girls) choose different sports? How are their choices conditioned by social conventions of masculinity and femininity? What difference does physical difference make? How have legislative mandates such as Title IX changed the face of sports in America? What opportunities exist for further change? Students will examine the ethical and political debate revolving around this issue from the 19th century into the 21st century. The second facet moves away from literal participation of individuals to representation of men and women in sports. We will examine films and fictional depictions of men’s and women’s athletic endeavors as well as media coverage of professional and collegiate athletes. Using a gendered analysis, we will explore how authors and directors draw on or refute stereotypes of masculinity and femininity. Ultimately, we will circle back to our earlier discussions of participation, thinking through how media and fictional depictions of athletes influence and direct budding athletes.
Instructor: Donna Lisker Donna Lisker (Ph.D., University of Wisconsin-Madison) is an Associate Dean of Undergraduate Education in the Women’s Studies Program. She has directed the Duke University Women’s Center since 1999, and became Co-Director of the Baldwin Scholars program in 2004. Her teaching and research interests include English literature; gender; gender and sports; and education administration.

WOMENST 89S INTERETHNIC INTIMACIES: REPRESENTATIONS IN ASIAN LITERATURE AND VISUAL CULTURE (ALP, CZ, CCI)
Cross-listed – See course description under AMES 89S
Instructor: Nayoung Aimee Kwon