Fall 2014 Seminars

AAAS 89S / HISTORY 89S / ECON 89S
The Old South, Slavery, and Capitalism     (CZ, SS, CCI)
This course explores the role of capitalism in the rise of the American South and the institution of slavery in the US as part of a global world merchant and capitalist economy.
Instructor:  Thavolia Glymph
Thavolia Glymph, Ph.D. (Purdue University) is an Associate Professor of African and African American Studies.  She teaches courses on slavery, the U.S. South, emancipation, Reconstruction, and African American women’s history. Her research specialties include 19th Century US history and Diaspora Studies.
 
AMES 89S
Audiovisualities     (ALP, CCI, EI)
Introduces students to various aspects of audiovisual culture including, film, photography, painting, sculpture, architecture, music and sound.  Part of the John Hope Franklin Humanities Institute, the Humanities Lab on Audiovisualities incorporates innovative scholarship with undergraduate education; introduces students to visual and sound studies and their interconnected relationship to the constitution of the sensible world; focuses on both visual and audio theory and practice by engaging with on-going projects as well as special workshops with invited theorists and practitioners.
Instructor: Guo-Juin Hong
Guo-Juin Hong, Ph.D (University of California, Berkeley) is an Associate Professor of Chinese Literature and Culture and Asian and Middle Eastern Studies, Director of the Program in the Arts of the Moving Image, and Co-Director of the Humanities Laboratory on Audiovisualities.  His teaching and research interests include film theory and historiography, postcolonial theory and theories of culture and globalization; film and other media of Taiwan, Hong Kong and China.
 
ARTHIST 89S
Ancient Chinese Sculpture in the Modern World     (ALP, CZ, R)
Statues and relief carving were made in China for over two thousand years but not collected or valued as fine art or antiquities. It has only been in the mid-nineteenth century that such objects were treated by Chinese collectors as valuable and later still before Chinese figural objects were discovered as “sculpture” in the eyes of Western collectors and scholars. In depth study of how Chinese sculpture was “discovered” as a product of modern times and values. Focus on Chinese antiquarian practices, the role of antiquities for the modern nation-state, global modernization of visual analysis and display, and the modern aesthetic qualities of Chinese sculpture.
Instructor:  Stanley Abe
Stanley Abe, Ph.D. (University of California, Berkeley) is an Associate Professor of Art, Art History and Visual Studies.  He has published on Chinese Buddhist art, contemporary Chinese art, Asian American art, Abstract Expressionism, and the construction of art historical knowledge.  He is writing a critical study of how Chinese sculpture became a category of Fine Art during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
 
BIOLOGY 89S
Pathways to Biological / Biomedical Research     (NS)
Science is not a collection of facts to be memorized, but rather it is a way of thinking about the world around us. Scientific research, therefore, is not about knowing the answers but instead is about asking questions. In this course, students will learn about the wide range of research being conducted in the biological and biomedical sciences at Duke, from genetics and evolution to pharmacology and neurobiology. Because science is highly collaborative, students will work in teams to process and understand the scientific literature and to work on case studies. We will have frequent guests -- including faculty, postdocs, and graduate students -- who will not only participate in discussions about their research, but who will also share their stories about how they became passionate about becoming a scientific researcher.
Instructor: TBA
 
CANADIAN 89S / FRENCH 89S / HISTORY 89S
French Presence in North America     (CZ, SS, CCI, EI, W)
This course will explore the French Presence in North America with emphasis on history, geography, literature, language, and culture. At its height, the North American French Empire included Canada, the Louisiana Territory, Haiti and other Caribbean islands, but most of the holdings were lost through wars, treaties, slave rebellions, and land sales. In examining the French colonial past, we will concentrate on the issues of encounters with Indigenous Peoples, the role of the Catholic Church, slavery, wars, and nationalisms. After studying how the French Empire was built and lost, we'll focus on its postcolonial legacy. What remains of the French language, culture, and heritage? How have minority French-speaking communities survived and developed? What is distinctive about North American French-speaking communities and cultures? What choices have Quebec nationalists made in order to preserve their distinctive Francophone culture? What is the legacy of slavery in the former French colonies? The course will take an interdisciplinary approach using historical documents, literary texts, and films to study Québec, Acadie, Louisiana, Haiti, and other francophone communities.
Instructor:  Jane Moss
Jane Moss, Ph.D. (Yale University) is a Visiting Professor of History and Canadian Studies. Her fields of teaching and research interest are in Francophone North America, Women’s Studies, and Theater.
 

CULANTH 89S
Music as Mirror, Mediator and Prophet     (CZ, SS, CCI, R)

This course investigates the ways in which music serves as a mirror, a mediator and a prophet in societies undergoing political and social transitions. It explores how history is reflected, the present is expressed and the future is envisioned through music.
Instructor:  Ingrid Byerly
Ingrid Byerly, Ph.D.  (Duke University) is a Senior Lecturing Fellow of Cultural Anthropology. Her fields of teaching and research interest are in cross-cultural communication, video production, cultural anthropology, education and ethnomusicology.

CULANTH 89S
Culture, Science, Technology     (SS, STS, R, W)
In this course we will examine the intersection of culture, society, science and technology. This course is designed to challenge assumptions concerning the insulated, value-free nature of scientific practice from the cultural and social world in which it operates. We do this by examining both broadly conceptual considerations of the nature of scientific thought and practice as well as historically and ethnographically particular examples of the “situatedness” of science and technology in daily life.
Instructor:  Richard L. Collier
Richard Collier, Ph.D.  (Duke University) is a Visiting Instructor in the Department of Cultural Anthropology. His teaching and research interests include science and technology studies, medical anthropology,  and markets and communications.
 
CULANTH 89S
Media, Film, and Facebook     (CZ, SS, CCI, STS, W)
Investigates the function of visual technologies in shaping anthropology and altering how we see ourselves and the world. Explores the role of images as important social documents with increasing reach as they move through digital networks. We explore the shifting relationships between the social meanings of images and advancements in cameras and other reproduction technologies, and trace the evolution of ethnographic film in conjunction with colonial, scientific, and military applications of visual technologies within Western knowledge production. Through film screenings, anthropological literature and theorists of media and visuality, the course analyzes the mutations of the image and the cultural shifts around media technologies. With this historical foundation, we focus on the advent of digital technology with powerful cyber-worlds like Second Life and World of Warcraft and social media platforms like Facebook. The course interrogates “new media” and the “real” of image-making through documentary, conceptual art practice, social media, the internet, and “live” footage such as dashboard cams, surveillance tape, and drone video.
Instructor:  Dwayne Dixon
Dwayne Dixon, Ph.D. (Duke University) is a Visiting Faculty in the Department of Cultural Anthropology.  His teaching and research interests include youth media, visuality, Japan/Pacific Rim body practices, and urbanism.
 
DOCST 89S / ARTSVIS 89S
The Photographic Essay     (ALP)
This seminar teaches the language of photography through the study of classic and contemporary photographic essays and through the completion of assigned photographic essays by the students themselves. Students will learn to make, choose, sequence, and pace their own images for class discussion and for digital projection. During the semester students will complete three assigned photographic essays of at least ten images each. Each essay will be on a particular theme or subject to be announced. Each student’s final project (or fourth essay) will consist of a compilation photographic essay of at least twenty images combining work from all three assignments.
Instructor: William Bamberger, Jr.
William Bamberger (B.A., UNC-Chapel Hill), Visiting Lecturer in the Center for Documentary Studies, is known for the innovative ways he has engaged whole communities in the production of his work. His projects explore large social issues of our time by looking at how they are manifest in our families and communities. Closing: The Life and Death of an American Factory with Cathy N. Davidson won the Mayflower Prize in Non-Fiction and was a semifinalist for the Robert F. Kennedy Book Award. His photographs have appeared in Aperture, Doubletake, The Washington Post Magazine, Harper’s and the New York Times Magazine. He is currently working on BALL, a grassroots project that explores the democratization of basketball and the intersection of sports and culture in American life.
 
DOCST 89S / ARTSVIS 89S
Multimedia Documentary     (ALP)
A fieldwork and production course focused on the publication of interactive Web-based multimedia presentations, as pioneered by washingtonpost.com, nytimes.com, Magnum in Motion, and independent producers. Utilizing digital audio and photography, the class will work as a team to create a series of narrated slide shows around a common theme in a documentary style. Students learn current technologies and techniques for multimedia publications; basic field recording and digital audio editing techniques; digital photography and editing in Adobe Photoshop; and graphic design principles. Fieldwork and productions ethics will also be examined and will be a critical part of the course. No prior experience with computer or Web programming required.
Instructor:  Christopher Sims
Christopher Sims (M.A., UNC – Chapel Hill; M.F.A., Maryland Institute College of Art) is an Instructor in the Center for Documentary Studies.  He has worked as a photo archivist at the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C. and, at CDS, has coordinated the exhibition and awards programs. He currently designs and manages websites for CDS and its projects. His work can be seen at http://www.chrissimsprojects.com
 
ENGLISH 89S / JEWISHST 89S
Jewish American Literature: Old Worlds and New     (ALP, R)
It has been said that the hyphen in "Jewish-American" is "the cutting edge of a sharp sensibility." In this seminar, through the lenses of fiction and film, we will trace the realities and challenges of being Jewish in this country from the late 1880s to the present. We will explore such topics as the immigrant experience, assimilation and acculturation, anti-Semitism, politics and economics, the influence of Yiddish on American life and art, the evolution of the "Jewish mother" stereotype, various modes of practicing Judaism, relationships between Jews and other minority groups, the role of Israel in American-Jewish identity, and more. We will examine the continuities and differences between the first generation of Jewish-American fiction writers and succeeding generations, in terms of themes and techniques. Above all, we will read and discuss some very good literature. Authors to be studied include, but are not limited to, the household names of Philip Roth, Bernard Malamud, Saul Bellow, and Joseph Heller, along with such less well-known writers of the past as Henry Roth, Abraham Cahan, Michael Gold, and Anzia Yezierska, and finally some representatives of the "new breed" of Jewish-American authors, like Jonathan Safran Foer, Dara Horn, and Nathan Englander. You don't have to be Jewish to take this course!
Instructor: Judith Ruderman
Judith Ruderman, Ph.D  (Duke University) is a Visiting Professor of English. Her teaching and research interests include D. H. Lawrence and modern and contemporary English and Jewish literature.
 
ENVIRON 89S
What on Earth?  An Investigation of Contemporary Environmental Issues     (SS, NS, STS)
This first-year seminar will delve into the scientific and public policy perspectives on contemporary environmental issues. In recent decades, there has been increasing awareness of the need to understand and manage diverse environmental challenges, such as global climate change, regional air pollution, water scarcity, loss of biodiversity, and beach erosion. This course will examine topics such as these, exploring both the scientific study of and societal response to these issues, with a specific focus on developing an integrated way of thinking about contemporary environmental issues.
Instructor:  Prasad Kasibhatla
Prasad Kasibhatla, Ph.D (University of Kentucky) is an Associate Research Professor in the Nicholas School of the Environment & Earth Sciences. He has taught courses in atmospheric chemistry, biogeochemical cycle modeling, environmental sciences & policy, and environmental chemistry & toxicology. His research interests include tropospheric chemistry, regional and global modeling and atmospheric chemical data analysis.
 
FRENCH 89S-1
The French Difference     (ALP, CZ, CCI, FL) 
What explains the cachet of French culture and thought? This seminar will investigate 3 key models that distinguish the arts de vivre across the French-speaking world. Lingua Franca: Why create a myth of a universal language? We’ll explore the dream to unite people through language, the conflicts and illusions it spawned, and this through the creative writing it generated world-wide: Dai Sijie, Balzac et la Petite tailleuse chinoise , Mlle de Graffigny, Lettres d’une péruvienne, Leïla Sebbar and Nancy Huston, Lettres parisiennes. Courtoisie, Libertinage: What defines the various codes of love: those that made it romantic and courtly, an artful form of social order, a declaration of free desire? We’ll study the legacies of these codes through the Tristan romance, the scandalous Liaisons Dangereuses of Choderlos de Laclos (extracts of letter-novel and film), and Duras’s novel of illicit cross-cultural passion, L’Amant. Combat: Occupy, strike, demonstrate: how does such public action express equality powerfully in real and symbolic terms? We’ll inquire into the history of protest by studying Zola’s Germinal [extracts of novel], Sembène’s Le Docker noir [film], as well as songs and poetry from the long tradition of student movements [2009, 1968, the Commune]. This seminar will initiate students into thinking critically in French, and help to strengthen both written and spoken expression. Equivalent in all respects to a 300-level course in French. Completely satisfies the foreign language requirement and counts toward a major or minor in French. Native speakers or students who did high school work in French encouraged to enroll. Pre-requisite: SAT II score of 640 or above, AP Language score of 5.
Instructor:  Helen Solterer
Helen Solterer, Ph.D. (University of Toronto) is a Professor of French Studies. Her research and teaching focus on pre-modern vernacular literature and culture, and its interplay with twentieth-century and contemporary thought.
 
HISTORY 89S
The Great War in Literature and Film     (ALP, CZ, CCI, W)
This course examines the experiences of men and women who lived during World War I by means of the literature and film they left behind or that we, in later generations, have produced. Why did the men of that era go to war willingly, for the most part, and how did they come to terms with the horror and pointlessness of the war? How did they use literature and film to express their despair, anguish or hope? What does the war mean to us, now, almost 100 years later? We will read poetry, plays, novels and memoirs and see films made by participants in the war and by those in later generations who have tried to understand it.
Instructor:  Kristen Neuschel
Kristen Neuschel, Ph.D. (Brown University) is an Associate Professor of History.  Her concentrations are on late medieval and early modern France and Europe.  Her current research focuses on war and culture in northern Europe between 1400 and 1600. 
 
MATH 89S
Game Theory and the Mathematics of Preferential Ballots     (SS, QS, STS)
As the trend towards democracy in the world continues, it is becoming increasingly important to understand democracy more precisely. For example, preferential ballots collect more information from voters than single vote ballots since they allow voters to specify a 1st choice, a 2nd choice, a 3rd choice, and so on. However, while it is easy to determine the winner of a single vote ballot election (most votes wins), there are many reasonable sounding ways to define the winner of a preferential ballot election. For example, while instant runoff voting is quite commonly used, this method has many defects. In fact, in a mayoral preferential ballot election in Burlington, Vermont, it was found after the election that had more people voted for the candidate who won, he would have lost! Other vote counting methods, such as Ranked Pairs, for example, do not ever create such situations. More generally, this course is about using game theory and other precise mathematical arguments to understand democracy better, including how to determine the winner of a preferential ballot election, as well as how to minimize the role of game theory in elections, both from the candidate and voter points of view.
Instructor: Hubert Bray
Hubert Bray, Ph.D. (Stanford University) is a Professor of Mathematics and Physics. His fields of teaching and research interest are differential geometry, general relativity, and astrophysics.
 
MUSIC 89S
The Beatles, Ellington and the Magic of Collaboration     (ALP)
This course will explore two of the greatest musical collaborations in music history, The Beatles and the Duke Ellington Orchestra. We will pay close attention to the nature of the collaboration, which was unique in each case. In doing so we will gain familiarity with two great periods in the history of popular music, first Big Band Jazz from the 1920s through the 1960s, second Rock and Roll in the 1950s through Rock in the 1960s. Ellington worked with his soloists and later with Billy Strayhorn to produce extraordinary music; he was recognized as a leader in developing dance band music into something much more, artistic music that could articulate a modern identity for African Americans in powerful ways. The Beatles are commonly said to have turned rock into art. Both Ellington and the Beatles were intimately familiar with African-American dance music and that was one basis for their collaborative successes. Without their particular working methods, these musicians would have been good; with them they make claims to the status of genius. For a term paper, each student will select another area of creative collaboration for study. How do the collaborative methods in your are compare with those of Ellington and the Beatles? How are collaborations different in different arts? A range of art forms is encouraged. Readings: Lush Life: A Biography of Billy Strayhorn by David Hajdu, Beyond Category: The Musical Genius of Duke Ellington by John Hasse, Summer of Love: The Making of Sgt. Pepper by George Martin, Revolution in the Head: The Beatles’ Records and the Sixties by Ian MacDonald Graded work: Two short papers, one on Ellington and one on The Beatles, 25% each, term paper 30%, Class participation and weekly assignments 25%
Instructor:  Thomas Brothers
Tom Brothers, Ph.D.  (University of California – Berkeley) is a Professor of Music. His teaching and research interests include popular music, jazz, late medieval and early Renaissance music, and African-American music.
 
MUSIC 89S
Composers of Influence     (ALP)
Throughout the history of the arts in Western civilization, certain individuals stand out whose achievements seem to propel the very nature of their respective art forward. They are said to stretch its boundaries by manipulating its raw materials in ways not conceived of prior to their time. These artists end up exerting enormous influence on others - those working in the same field and the culture in general. This course examines the lives and works of specific composers who have had an unusually powerful influence in the process, informing us a great deal about music's path through the ages. It may also yield insights into the nature of influence and progress themselves. Composers to be studied are J.S. Bach, Beethoven, Wagner, and Stravinsky.
Instructor:  Harry Davidson
Harry Davidson, M.Mus.  (Pacific Lutheran University) is a Professor of the Practice of Music and Director of the Duke Symphony Orchestra. He made his major orchestra debut conducting the National Symphony Orchestra at the Kennedy Center in Washington, D.C. He has guest conducted numerous professional and conservatory ensembles, including the Charlotte Symphony, the Akron Symphony, and the Cleveland Institute of Music and Oberlin College Conservatory orchestras. His teaching and research interests include orchestral conducting, opera conducting, and music history.
 
PHYSEDU 89S
Hot Topics in Health
This course will provide an overview of several health areas (e.g., nutrition, physical activity, sexual health, substance use, etc.) and then for each area we will focus more specifically on a few current trends or issues. A practical, hands on approach will emphasize information, resources, and skills to help students achieve and maintain a healthy lifestyle, as well as an understanding of the broader health issues facing our current society.
Instructor:  Janis Hampton
Janis Hampton, M.A.  (UNC-Greensboro) is an Assistant Professor in the Practice of Health, Wellness and Physical Education. Her fields of teaching and research interest center on developing awareness of health and fitness issues for the general population as well as young adults.
 
PORTUGUE 89S / AAAS 89S / LIT 89S
Brazil, Race, Sex, the Body     (ALP, CCI)    
Brazil is commonly understood as an example of a "racially democratic" nation, but as scholars have recently shown, racism permeates all aspects of Brazilian society. This course examines the development of the theorization of race, racial identity and race relations in contemporary Brazil, and will explore very closely the role of sex, and sexuality in the construction of race relations. We will attend to questions such as: how is desire racialized? How is racial difference produced through sex as a material practice and what is the function of sex in racial (self) formation? How do we reconcile questions of pleasure and desire and the structures of power and national identity? The approach of the course will be interdisciplinary, drawing upon works from anthropology, literature, history, music, and film. Topics will include colonialism and enslavement, abolition, nationalism, social activism, and popular culture. We will also consider how Brazilian social relations differ from or conform to other racialized patterns in other nation-states in the Americas. Particular attention will be placed on the impact of the interrelationship between race, gender, class, and nation on the lives of black Brazilians. Conducted in English.
Instructor:  Lamonte Aidoo 
Lamonte Aidoo, Ph.D. (Brown University) is an Assistant Professor of Portuguese Studies.
 
PSY 89S
Beyond Reason: Empathy and Identity     (SS, NS, R, W)
Developmental science approach to integrating knowledge across the biological and social sciences and humanities about engaging difference and the nature, development, and enhancement of personal epistemology, empathy, and identity. Videotaped clinical cases and documentary films are used to stimulate reflection and discussion.
Instructor:  Robert Thompson,  Jr.
Robert J. Thompson, Jr, Ph.D. (University of North Dakota) is a Professor of Psychology. His research interests include how biological and psychosocial processes act together in human development; the adaptation of children and their families to developmental problems and chronic illnesses, including sickle cell disease and cystic fibrosis; and the assessment of teaching and learning in higher education.
 
RELIGION 89S
Buddhist Meditation: Cultivation Practices and Psychology     (CZ, CCI, EI)
An in-depth examination of the Buddhist path and techniques of self-transformation in various Buddhist cultures, both pre-modern and modern. The differing conceptions of the psychophysical person and the goals of Buddhist practice assumed by these meditative techniques will be investigated.
Instructor:  Richard M. Jaffe
Richard Jaffe, Ph.D. (Yale University) is an Associate Professor of Religious Studies.  His teaching and research interests include Buddhism and East Asian religions.
 
RUSSIAN 89S
Writing Freedom: Russian Writers on Human Rights     (ALP, CCI, EI)
Through readings, film viewings, and explorations in multimedia, this seminar conducts a conversation with the great Russian thinkers, past and present on the subject of human freedom. Topics addressed include the institution of serfdom; the relationship between literary and philosophical explorations; individual and collective quests for freedom through ascetic practices and revolutionary activity; the distinctively Russian traditions of political tyranny; prison memoirs; and more. Student projects may take one of many different forms: personal essays, research papers, creative writing, blogs, or multimedia projects.
Instructor:  Carol Apollonio
Carol Apollonio, Ph.D. (UNC – Chapel Hill) is a Professor of the Practice of Russian.  Her teaching and research interests include Russian literature, Russian language, and translation.
 
THEATRST 89S
Musical of Rodgers and Hammerstein     (ALP)
An examination of the works of Rodgers & Hammerstein (including Oklahoma, Carousel, Allegro, The King & I, among others) with special attention to their development of a unique mode of musical narrative. Topics include: the sociological impact of their works, the cultivation of American identity through their musicals, the dramaturgical function of their music, their transformation of older theatrical traditions, and their generic relationship to opera and folk opera. Through authorial biography, narrative analysis, and musical semiotics, this seminar studies how these two artists transformed musical storytelling into a form that resonates even today. Ability to read music not required.
Instructor:  Bradley Rogers
Bradley Rogers, Ph.D. (University of California – Berkeley) is an Assistant Professor of Theater Studies.  His specialties include theater history, performance studies, literary and cultural criticism, dramatic literature, and film.  His research focuses on performance theory and musical theater, with secondary research interests in the relationship between theater, film, and new media; the relationships between visuality and aurality in theater, American theater, and modern theater.
 
WOMENST 89S / LIT 89S / VMS 89S
Girls Go Global     (ALP, SS, CCI, EI, R)
An exploration of how girlhood is imagined, represented, and lived around the globe. Looking at modern and contemporary film and literature in which girls play a central role, as well as aspects of visual and material culture (fashion, dolls, and video games) designed with girls in mind, we will think about the cultural meanings attributed to girls. What kinds of images, stories, and objects have girls from the United States, West Africa, Japan, and Iran been given to imagine themselves in the world? How have girls created cultures for themselves? How do representations of girls reflect culturally specific ideas about traditions, morals, and ethics? What do representations of and by girls tell us about the possibilities for and limitations upon freedom and gender equity in a world increasingly shaped by consumer culture?
Instructor: Kimberly Lamm
Kimberly Lamm, Ph.D. ( University of Washington) is an Assistant Professor of Women’s Studies.  Her research fields include contemporary feminist art, contemporary poetry, feminist theory, and 19th- and 20th-century US Literature. She is currently completing a book manuscript entitled: “Poetics of Address: Imagining the Other Woman in Contemporary Art.”  Increasingly, her research and teaching interests are drawn to the styles, objects, and practices that can be identified by and through the term "femininity," which has led to her interest in girl cultures and fashion.