The Duke faculty contributors draw from a variety of fields, including evolutionary psychiatry, biopsychosocial models, psychoanalysis, neuroscience, neuroethics and behavioral economics. This groundbreaking volume of original essays presents fresh avenues of inquiry at the intersection of philosophy and psychiatry. The book’s unique structure consists of two parts: in the first, philosophers write five lead essays with replies from psychiatrists. In the second part, this arrangement is reversed. The result is an interdisciplinary exchange that allows for direct discourse, and a volume at the forefront of defining an emerging discipline. The book will be of interest to professionals in philosophy and psychiatry, as well as mental health researchers and clinicians.