Grades: End-of-Term

At semester's end, instructors submit a grade for each student in a course; this will be a letter grade unless the student completed the course on the Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory (S/U) option.

  • If, because of serious illness or other emergency, you cannot complete all the work for a course, you may request assignment of a grade of "I" (Incomplete) in a course.
  • If you fail to take a final exam in a course at the scheduled time, the instructor will record a grade of "X" (unless you have a failing grade going into the final exam, in which case the instructor may submit an F).
  • An "N" indicates that no grade has been submitted.

Note: if you abandon or otherwise discontinue a course without authorization from your academic dean, University policy stipulates that the instructor is to submit a grade of F.

A detailed discussion of grades is available in the Bulletin of Undergraduate Instruction.

If you receive one or more low grades (D, U, and F), it can result in an academic warning, academic probation, or academic withdrawal.* You are also at risk of not meeting continuation requirements.**

A summary of the consequences of D, U, and F grades follows:

In the First Semester at Duke:


Grades include While enrolled in Result
F* 4 or more course credits Academic warning
DD, DF, FF 4 or more course credits On academic probation in next semester
DD, F <4 course credits On academic probation in next semester
FFF 4 course credits Academic dismissal for 2 semesters
FF <4 course credits Academic dismissal for 2 semesters

In Any Other Semester:

Grades include While enrolled in Result
F 4 or more course credits Academic warning
Second D 4 or more course credits Academic warning
DDD <4 course credits On academic probation in next semester
DDD 4 or more course credits On academic probation in next semester
DF 4 or more course credits On academic probation in next semester
FF (passing 3 credits) 5 or more course credits On academic probation in next semester
FF 4 course credits Academic dismissal for 2 semesters
F <4 course credits Academic dismissal for 2 semesters

In Course Work Completed in One or Both Duke Summer Sessions:

Grades include While enrolled in Result
DF one or both terms On academic probation in next semester
FF one or both terms Academic dismissal for 2 semesters

In Course Work Completed in 2 Consecutive Semesters:

Grades include While enrolled in Result
DDDD NA On academic probation in next semester
DDDF NA On academic probation in next semester
DDFF NA On academic probation in next semester

*in determining whether a student should be placed on academic warning or probation or dismissed for academic reason, a grade of U earned in a course, whether that course is offered only S/U or the student elects to take it on the S/U basis, is considered equivalent to a grade of F.

**In determining fulfillment of continuation requirements, grades of "I"  (Incomplete) and "X" (Absence from a Final Exam) are assumed to be failing grades until they are replaced by a permanent passing grade.

See Also: